Louis Philippe Style (1830-1848)

Louis Philippe took its name from the French king who reigned from 1830 to 1848. His reign saw this style become very popular.

France-003348 - Liberty Leading the People
Liberty Leading the People- by Eugène Delacroix, 1830.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/d38d2307-8533-4710-a09b-1dc330e5aa42 by archer10 (Dennis)

Who Was Louis Philippe?

Louis Philippe reigned in France from 1830 to 1848. He was overthrown by the Revolution. Under Louis Philippe, there was a fast development and improvement of manufacturing. The reign of Louis-Philippe went on until the revolution of 1848 when the revolutionists forced him to go into exile.

Louis Philippe, King of the French, Posting to His Blog, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter
Louis Philippe, King of the French, Posting to His Blog, after Franz Xaver Winterhalter

Image source:https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/a2a66370-e18b-4302-8612-9ecf64cdf35d by Mike Licht, NotionsCapital.com

About the Style

The Louis-Philippe style was featured with an interest in comfort and economy. This style tried to satisfy those who were looking for comfort, giving them a feeling of being socially legitimated. It was less concerned with originality than it was with comfort and new methods of creation. We can also say that lines are massive.

Sofa, Léon Marcotte (1824–1887), Maple, gilt bronze, American
Louis Philippe style sofa_ Sofa, Léon Marcotte (1824–1887), Maple, gilt bronze, American

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/7588?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Louis+Philippe+sofa&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=3

Louis Philippe Style Home

These are the rooms in French houses of the time affected by this style:

Bedroom: the best-known signature piece from this style is the sleigh bed. The headboard is higher than the footboard, with curve lines of a sleigh. It is usually made of dark woods, and some contemporary beds are also available in blonde woods and even steel.

Alpine-Furniture-Louis-Philippe-II-Sleigh-Bed (1)
Louis Philippe furniture bedroom, Best Queen Bedroom Sets.

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/f11aef57-2240-4d7b-9a9a-e1b2ca0756fa by fictures

In the living room it was also possible to find several furnishings from this style:

  • Armchair: it was featured with a straight shape. Some models also had a pierced purchase that allowed them to move them easily and often were carved with flowers or volutes decorations.
File:Belgian Royal collection Faulteuil LP.jpg
Belgian Royal collection Faulteuil LP- Empire-Furniture , with old Beauvais tapestry a wedding present by French king Louis Philippe to his son-in-law

Image source: https://search.creativecommons.org/photos/e87fb92f-6a8c-45ba-9c3a-a2bb4048966c by User:Carolus

Armchair, Chair frame by the firm of Joseph-Pierre- François Jeanselme (1824–1860), Carved rosewood, leather, silk, serge, French, Paris
Armchair, Chair frame by the firm of Joseph-Pierre- François Jeanselme (1824–1860), Carved rosewood, leather, silk, serge, French, Paris

Image source:https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/208209?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Louis+Philippe+Style+(1830-1848)&offset=100&rpp=20&pos=104

  • Commode: it had a rectangular shape and few drawers. The top shelf was usually of marble.  Dark woods were important to this style: mahogany, ebony, and walnut. Marble tops were usually gray, black, or white.
Bookstand, Design attributed to Charles-Auguste Questel (1807–1888), Ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, oak, maple, rosewood, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl; brass hardware and mounts; lined with silk velvet not original to the piece, French, Paris
Bookstand, 1839, Design attributed to Charles-Auguste Questel-
Bookstand, Design attributed to Charles-Auguste Questel (1807–1888), Ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, oak, maple, rosewood, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl; brass hardware and mounts; lined with silk velvet not original to the piece, French, Paris
Bookstand, 1839- Ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, oak, maple, rosewood, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl;
Bookstand, Design attributed to Charles-Auguste Questel (1807–1888), Ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, oak, maple, rosewood, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl; brass hardware and mounts; lined with silk velvet not original to the piece, French, Paris
The shaped aprons on the front and back of this bookstand bear the crowned initials FPO for Ferdinand Philippe, duc d’Orléans (1810—1842), oldest son of King Louis-Philippe.

Images source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/232145?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Louis+Philippe+Style+(1830-1848)&offset=0&rpp=20&pos=20

  • The ornamental repertory was limited because of machine-assisted production techniques. Bronze appliques and marquetry were not used and were always inspired by previous styles: Louis XV style branches, for example.
Sugar bowl (pot à sucre ovoïde), Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present), Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels, gold, French, Sèvres
Louis Philippe period porcelain- Sugar bowl (pot à sucre ovoïde) 1836, Sèvres Manufactory French -Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels, gold, French, Sèvres

Sugar bowl (pot à sucre ovoïde), Sèvres Manufactory (French, 1740–present), Hard-paste porcelain decorated in polychrome enamels, gold, French, Sèvres

Image source: https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/206563?searchField=All&sortBy=Relevance&ft=Louis+Philippe++porcelain&offset=20&rpp=20&pos=25


Info source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Philippe_style